United States Census

Alternate Titles(s): US Census
UID: 10011

The Decennial Census provides population estimates and demographic information on residents of the United States.

The Census Summary Files contain detailed tables on responses to the decennial census. Data tables in Summary File 1 provide information on population and housing characteristics, including cross-tabulations of age, sex, households, families, relationship to householder, housing units, detailed race and Hispanic or Latino origin groups, and group quarters for the total population. Summary File 2 contains data tables on population and housing characteristics as reported by housing unit.

Researchers at NYU Langone Health can find guidance for the use and analysis of Census Bureau data on the Population Health Data Hub (listed under "Other Resources"), which is accessible only through the intranet portal with a valid Kerberos ID (KID).

1790 - Present
Geographic Coverage
United States
Local Expert
Subject of Study
Subject Domain


Free to All
Fee Required
Application Required
Public use data is available for free through the online Data Explorer, Application Programming Interface (API), and ICPSR data repository. Customized datasets may be requested for a fee through the Decennial Census Special Tabulation Program.

Restricted-use demographic microdata to the block level for the Decennial Census may be requested and accessed through ResearchDataGov.

Access via Data.census.gov

Public use tabulated data

Access via Census Bureau API

Application Programming Interface (API) for public use data

Access via ICPSR

Census data files stored in the ICPSR data repository

Access via 2010 Census Data

Direct access to 2010 Census Data Files

Access via ResearchDataGov

Restricted microdata from the US Census Bureau

Data Type
Study Type
Dataset Format(s)
PDF, Microsoft Excel, RTF
PubMed Search
View articles which use this dataset
Other Resources
Census Data Tools

Interactive data visualizations

Census Bureau Administrative Data Inventory

A listing of data available for use by qualified researchers

Guide for NYULH researchers

Requires KID login

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